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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  March 17, 2020 2:30pm-3:00pm PDT

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viewers like you. thank you. laura: this i"bbc world news america." reporting from new york, i am laura trevelyan. breaking out the checkbook. the white house wants to send money straight to americans as the country grapples with the coronavirucrisis. >> americans need cash now and president wants to give cash now. laura: france goes into lockdown, with police making sure people stay off the streets. the dressing measures are meant to slow the spread of the virus. ngplus, von the age of the coronavirus. three states are holding primveies today, but others ha delayed theirs, including the big prize, ohi
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a: la for all of you watching on pbs and around the globe welcome to "world news america." life here has been turned upside down by the coronavirus outbreak . there are more than 5000 cases in the u.s. 814 are in new york city. urthe u.s. tre secretary says the government is looking at sending checks to americans in the next two weeks as part of a trillion dollar stimuuss the white is considering. sec. mnuchin: where working with the senate to pass this legislation very quickly, and he's will be payments to small businesses. we have talked about l guarantees to critical industries such as airlines and tels. and we have also talked about a stimulus package to the american worker. you can think of this as something le business interruption payments for the american workers. laura: the mkets soared upwards on hearing that a stimulus plan is in the work, with the dow takinticking up 5%.
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i spoke to samira hussain outside the new york stock exchange. samrisamira: it is massive. they are talking about almost a trillion dollars of economics to misconduct roughly the size of the u.k.gnudget. it is icantly more than the united states spends for the 2008 financial crisis and the stimulus package then. it is clear how significant this package is and how much people needed to try to stabilize the u.s. economy as you rightly pointed out, laura, it was welcome news to wall street, who have been craving this kind of stimulus package from the federal government for weeks. laura: if aricans get sent checks directly, how much money could people get in the mail, samira? samira: it is unclear exactly
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how much each american would get . it would largely be bad upon their salaries. but what they are aotting in directly into the pockets of everyday americans, as a way for them to bridge the gap between not getting any payecks and being able to pay their bills. you can see that there is a house to try to get this done as soon as possible. laura:s the economysl already ing into recession? is that the fear, samira? samira: absolutely. we already heard that from president trump, suggesting that the economy is making its way into recession. that is certainly the feeling on wall street. many people believe that we are already in recession. now it is a challenge of how long do we stay in this period of recession and how does the that is where the stimulusit.
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package comes in. nit is trying to slow d or trying to make the timing which in this kind of a economy, this recession kind of economy, make that time shorter so we can climb out soonest possible. laura: what kind of restrictions is the mayor of new york city considering on our movements tonight, samira? samira: you know, it is really significant. in a city of 8 million people, they are consideringn order to shelter in would mean people would they can -- they would have to keep the social contacts to an absolute minimum. this would be something we have city of new york. very massive move, and something that the mayor of new york is considering but is hesitant to do just because of the kind of impact it would have on the residents in new york. laura: samira hussain, thank
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you. at their press briefing today, president trump and his team talked about the need for more hospital beds and face masks on top of the economic measures we have been discussing. prthe issue of widd lockdowns came up, but the president said hopefull'hat wouldn'be necessary. i spoke to lawrence gostin, who rects the o'neill institute for national health law at georgetown. san francisco has ordered this shelter in place. new york is considering th same. should t rest of america do the same to stop the spread of the coronavirus? lawrence: i think it is absolutely essential that the evidence tells us that social separation is critical -- closing schools, bars, restaurants, people children in place. we don't--sheltering in place. but we don't want draconian measures. we don't want like china to havi armed on the streets or intrusive surveillance. this is not the american way.
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but i think we can do this voluntarily,ut highly and strongly recommend that americans shelter in place. lockdown on travel or a flying b an be effecti or the guardian-- draconian, as you suggest? lawrence: it is very questionable whether the president has power to order a lockdown in a particular city or state or to ban domestic travel. we don't traditionally bann travel wite united states. in fact, we don't even advise it. currently the cdc isn't even advising amerins not to travel within the country. and so, yes, i think unnecessary travel widget absolutely not be dog,--we should absolutely not be doing t it, but a president have the power to lockdown, prevent travel?
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i think not. the supreme court has said the right to travel is a fundamental right we can do this without dronian measures. laura: the governor of new york state ggested that the cases would peak in about 45 days. what do you make of that? lawrence: i think that is optimistic. we can't really just keep counting cases and assuming that ose case numbers are real good we have got--are real. cawe have what i haved silent transmission in the community going on. it is probably going on in mos places in america, particularly the major coastal hubs. we are probably not going to see this. we are in an unprecedented moment in american history, really at a watershed momen we've never seen something like this is the 1918 greatem influea pa. i think what americans should expect to continue to see this kind of new normal wh lot of
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social isolation and loneliness until theummer, june, july, even august. the truth is nobody knows, but weeave got to do everything can now to make sure we can come out of it as safely as possible. laura: 60,000 tests have been administered in the u.s. is that enough data to give us information about what is happening yet, do you think? lawrence: no, unfortunately it doesn't. the united states is well behind the curve on testing. i do believe the president -- i think we need to pull together as americans -- that we will see them roll out in the millions in the coming weeks. but frankly, it is too little, too late. when wneeded the tests was weeks ago s wcould better track the epidemic and better understand how it is transmitted and we could put people into isolation, quarantine, or do contact tracing.
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now we are in a whole new stage of mitigation. yes, we absolutely want the tests, for the united states has been behmpd the curve ed to our peers like south korea or even china. laura: professor lawrence gostin , thanks for being with us. in the u.k., a big increase in restrictions on everyday life has been partly prompted by research from imperial college london. scientific modeling warner that britain was on course for a catastrophicpidemic and the mber of deaths in the u.k. could reach a quarter million, unless officials take a new approach to the pandemic could here is our science editor david shukman. david: from the start of the outbreak in wuhan, there has been huge research efforts behind the scenes. scientists using every detail to develop a computer's immolation of the disease, what is called a model, and wha the british government's initial response was sed on. then came northern italy, where more people needed intensive
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care than anyone expected. the forecasts have had to be >> there is new data emerging from italy and from our inteive care units in london to suggest that the level of treatment that irequired for a small fraction of these cases is more intense than we thought. david: we keepearing about the modeling of the outbreak, but what does that actually mean? it is different factors that influence the disease. this model was for wuhan to work out the rate of infection. it is how scientists quickly found out that on average come every person who gets the virus could pat it on to least two others. over ae month, se could lead to more than 200. hachinresponded by closing off entire cities. other countries have done the same. but until now, the u.k. has kept the most drastic measures in reserve. critics have questioned the modeling of the outbreak inbr ain. but the scientists doing the
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work say it is bet nothing. >> models are not crystal balls. theyre better than just guessing, which is what you otherwise would have to do. but they are riant on the data you feed into them, and they is lots we don't kn about this virus. there is lots we don't know about what these will really be. david: how effective are these computer models of the outbreak? i have to rely on a lot of assumptions about things that are not known. if b people have the vir don't show symptoms, how easily can they pass it on? at are really critical question -- if infected with the virus and then gets better, with a full recovery, is it then possible for them to get it ain? chinese television reporting on vaccine.ssible that won't come soon, but it is part of a frantic search around the world to understand th virus to minimize its impact. david shukman, bbc news.
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laura: turning to france, where tough new restrictions came into force. for the next two weeks, members of the public are only allowed essential supplies, or for ay family emergency. people c exercise or walk dogs, but only if they do so alone. lucy williamson reports. lucy: before the quarantine, the fever. as france inched towards lockdown,et supermabecame barometers of the nation's fear. the government complained thatle peere ignoring the threat of coronavirus, but attitudes here are changing. >> i have three kids. i am here to buy the bass. i'm afraid for myself and for my children. lucy: last night, president macron announced a general confinement of france's population from midday today. pr. macron: for at least the
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next 15 days, our movements will be seriously reduced. it means that outside gatheris or meeting fends or family will not be permitted. going for a walk, meaning friends in the park or on the street, w all infractions will be punished. lucy: it has just gone midday here, the new rules have come into force, and there are still a few peop out on the champs elysees. telling pele to come out to was vote. now it is saying stay in your homes unless it is ess or face a fine. within minutes of the deadline, extra police were out questioning people still on the streets. 100,000 officers have been deployed to enforce the new rules.s today'adline sparked a last-minuteve rush to leahe capital. polls suggest e sudden jump in anxiety here. formality --normality, no longer
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a barrier to this crisis cngs disappea france instead is learning to manage its fear. lucy williamson, bbc news, paris. laura: a new normal in paris. in other news, the european union has agreed it to banost foreigners from entering the territory for 30ex days with ceptions for britain, switzerland, and three other states. the move is designed to stop the spread of coronavirus and will apply to nonessential visits. supply chain's will remain open belgium is imposing a lockout from wednesday until april 5. ople will only be allowed limited visits to supermarkean, pharmaciesbanks. gatherings of people are for bid and, but physical activity outside will be allowed, y oviding people remain 1.5 meters afrom each other. police will ensure measures aren't forced. --are forced. facebook will give every single one of its full-time employees a $1000on to help with the impact of the coronavirus.
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the company has not said whether these bonuses what extent to its ousands of contract workers. the firm said it would launch it $100 million program to help small businesses durin crisis. away from the coronavirus, china has ordered u.s. citizens working for "the new york times," "theashington post," and "the wall street journal" two-hand backhand press credentials within 10 days. the foreign ministry said the journalist would no longer be including han conquered the move the number of chin nationalsting working for state media in the u.s. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come, answering your coronavirus questis. we will look at the most essing issues affecting your y-to-day life. it is now one week since italy opbecame the first en country to put in place a full
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lockdown, heavily restricting internal movement, businesses, and ms gatherings. sima kotecha is in rome. has been speaking to loc residents about how they have been coping with all of these sima: a display of resilience and solidarity. optimistic about what lies ahead, as the country tackles theorst health crisis in a generation. thhow do you feegovernment is doing? the prime minister, do you ag he with what pening? >> yes. >> i never s rome in the situation. sima: popular streets empty. no tourists, nothing open. orlando is a taxi drer. he tells us the soul has been ripped outy. of it >> i am not busy. topeople onlhe hospital, somest tou.
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but very, very down. sima: the country has enforcedng rules preventieople from moving around. ay indoors, especially if you are older, they are told. so are choosing to rebel. a owefrom when the measures were first announced, churches are providing a place of solace for worshipers. thee pid he wanted comfort.n to give those infected vernment has put 25 billion euros into the economy sto give it a cash boost, many businesses remain closed. but everyone has to eat, and on somene c in rome, takeaway laces remain open. the world is watching italy closely to see whether what it is doing succeeds in killing this virus. sima kotecha, bbc news, rome.
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laura:ac against therop of the coronavirus outbreak, the u.s. states are holding primaries today in florida, arizona, and illinois. former vice president joe biden is battling it out with vermont senator bernie sanders for the democratic nomination. ohio and a few others have delayed a vote due to worries about the virus. for more can i spoke to the bbc's anthony zurcher. what does this mean for the race for the democratic nomination, florida voting and ohio not? anthony: sima originally peoplee looking at the fourte cs as a chance for joe biden to extend his lead. he was ahead in the polls and could've built on his lead and himself and bernie sanders, perhaps insurmountable distance. now it is up in the air. it still looks like he could do well in the three remaining states that are voting, but we have no idea what the turnout is while florida and arizona have a
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lot of early votes, illinois has a lot of in-rson voting, and reports out of the state are polling places are close, polling supplies or sanitary supplies. the turnout there could be considerably lower than the expectations just a week ago. laura: is bernie sanders intending on soldiering on? anthony:ll indications are that he will continue to run in this race, and with alof the primaries after this in question, as you mentioned, primaries in states like maryland and louisiana and georgia and kentucky have already delayed their primaries, pushed them back to june, he could decide to stay in the race or wait for all oiethese primarto take place late on. the reality is there is more than half of the american states left to weigh in on this contest. while joe biden is aheadwho knows what the future holds? there could be a reversal ofbi fortune for jon that would allow bernie sanders to get back
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into it. bernie sanders is still raising considerable money. the debate sunday. just after he has the resources to continue on if he wants to, and he went till the end of the primaries last time in 2016 when he ran against hillary clinton. laura: what is the precedent of delaying elections potentially mean for november's presidential election if we aredstill in the of the coronavirus epidemic? anthony: that is a very good question. we saw a bit of a lhial battle in the public in governor mike to delay the election, and with lawsuit, issued his health emergency and closed the polls. there are some people who look at that and say that it's a concerning precedent looking ahead to the general election in november. primaries are one thing, run by parties and state streeta -- parties and states.
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a general election is mandated in the constitution and the power to set that time is delegated to congress. it raises concerns that it preparations are not made for later distance voting, vote by mail, those balloting to address this, if this is still a probl in november we uld be facing a real legal crisis and hard decisions to be made in late october, early november when the idea of people waiting in line to cast ballots, which have been a lot of times in a number of states during the general election, that could prese a real health risk. laura' that was the bbc' anthony zurcher. one of the biggest challenges of the coronaviruss just how much don't know about the disease. that has a direct impact on how we live our everyday lives. the bbc has been flooded with your questions, and r health rrespondent sophie hutchinson has been trying to answer them. >> i'm about to do some shopping for my at-risk self and my
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90-plus mother-in-law. do i have to sanitize each item? sophie: it is believed the virus can live on some services for 72 hours. if you want to bsure your shopping is in contaminated, you have to wash it with soap and water. >> should i go to a wedding this weekend? sophie: sadly, the answer is no. toyou should geddings or should not go to wedngs--you shou not go to weddings or have contact with others unless it idaessential. ther is you might unknowingly pass the virus on to someone at risk. >> is it safe to take anti-inflammatorikdrugs ibuprofen? sophie: the concern is that anti-inflammatory drugs might weaken the immune system, which is time to fight off the virus. although officials do not know if it is true, but the s tsible thing take paracetamol instead. >> but if you are taking an y anti-inflammat the advice
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stopur doctor, don't taking it without checking first. what is the advice for newborn babies, especially when siblings have to attend school? for parents, but the adviceme hasn't changed. schoolchildren, like all of us, are meant to wash their hands regularly. doctors gets the virus, she should stay with her baby, and breast feeding is thought to be safe. >>on i bto a bereavement group meeting once a fortnight. is it safe if we go for a walk along the beach instead? sophie:k it is not safe to w close together. even if you are outside can you teneed to be at least two apart. staying in touch with a support group by using technology could be really important for your mental health. laura: sophie hutchinson wit the answers to your coronavirus questions. before we go tonight, let's recap our top stories. the white house is pushing a $1
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offset the economic damage of the coronavirus. this would include one-time direct payments to americans in the coming weeks. the european union is closing its doors to travelers from outside the bloc for 30 days. esthe measure com as deaths soar in italy and spain. france enacted a strict loctoown effectivy. new york city's mayor is warning that the shelter-in-plac measure could soon come into effect here. the city has more than 8 confirmed cases. san francisco has already put in place a similar measure affecting its 7 milon resident for a slightly lighter take on the virus, a priest in maryland is offering drive-through the soul is healthy as well as the body. the father posted estatement on church's website saying that he intends to maintain a tance while penitents stay in their cars. very creative solution for these troubled times. i am laura trevelyan.
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thanks for watching "bbc world news ameri." have a safe night. presentation of this progr is provided by... man: babbel, an online program developed teaching spanish, french, and more. the freeman foundation. by judy and peteti blum kovler foun; pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and by contributions to this pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. ♪ ♪ ♪
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. on the newshour tonight: >> enjoy your home. stay. >> woodruff: battling the. pandem how the united states is responding now, from s at stem the crisis.nt efforts to then, pandemic eminomics. we e how covid-19 is taking a financial toll, and the efforts to brunt the losses. plus, the mayor of san francisco on dmatic efforts there to contain the outbreak. and, the vote goes on. we have onhe-ground reports, as a trio of k states hold presidential primaries, despite the risks of coronavirus. all that and more tonight's pbs newshour.


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